【奥林匹克知多少】奥运会的起源地在哪里?

【奥林匹克知多少】奥运会的起源地在哪里?
Q奥运会的起源地在哪里?——奥运会始于希腊AThe Ancient Greeks held athletic competitions in Olympia in the Peloponnese. The first existing written records of these events date back to 776 BC.古希腊人在伯罗奔尼撒半岛的奥林匹亚城举行体育比赛。关于这些事件的最早书面记录可以追溯到公元前776年。What was special about these Games? They took place every four years, and were dedicated to Zeus, the king of the gods.这些比赛有什么特别之处呢?每四年举行一次,目的在于献给众神之王宙斯。They were open only to free men of Greek citizenship, which meant that men from other countries, women and slaves were unable to take part. Married women were not allowed to watch the Games, although the spectators did include girls.当时的体育比赛只对希腊拥有自由身的男性公民开放,这意味着来自其他国家的男性、妇女和奴隶不能参与,并且已婚妇女不允许观看比赛,尽管观众中包含未婚女孩。A few months before the competitions began, a sacred truce was proclaimed. Messengers travelled throughout the country announcing the truce which called for the cessation of wars and conflicts between states. In this way, athletes and spectators could travel to the competition in safety.每届比赛开始前几个月便开始了神圣的休战。信使们走遍全国宣布休战,要求停止国家间的战争和冲突。如此,运动员和观众就可以安全地前往比赛现场。Games were also held in honour of the gods at sites other than Olympia: in Nemea for Zeus (as in Olympia),in Delphi for Apollo and in Isthmia for Poseidon. The Games held on these four different sites are known collectively as the Panhellenic Games.比赛也会在奥林匹亚城以外的地方举行,用以纪念诸神:宙斯在尼米亚(和奥林匹亚一样),阿波罗在德尔斐,波塞冬在伊斯米亚。在这四个不同地点举行的运动会统称为泛希腊运动会。The ancient Olympic Games lasted for more than 1000 years! Over this long period, the programme evolved and the sports included in it varied considerably. After enjoying significant popularity, the Games gradually began to lose their prestige.古代奥运会持续了1000多年的时间!在这段漫长的岁月里,其不断发展,其中包括的体育项目也有很大不同。然而在大受欢迎之后,奥运会逐渐失去了声望。Their deathblow was dealt by the Roman emperor Theodosius I. A convert to Christianity, he would not tolerate pagan events within his empire, and abolished them in 393 AD.对古代奥运的致命打击是由罗马皇帝西奥多西一世所造成的。他信奉基督教,不能容忍帝国内的异教徒事件,并于公元393年将古代奥运会废除。Information about the ancient Games can be discovered by examining a training scene painted on a vase, the sculpture of an athlete, or a few verses composed to the glory of an athletic winner. Artists, potters, writers, historians and poets of the time have left behind invaluable testimonies, all of which provide us with ways to learn about the Ancient Games.有关古代奥运会的信息可以通过查看古代艺术品花瓶上的训练场景、运动员的雕塑或为体育冠军的荣耀而创作的诗歌所发现。当时的艺术家、陶艺家、作家、历史学家和诗人留下了宝贵的证明,所有这些都为我们了解古代奥运会提供了途径。内容来源:HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW THE OLYMPIC GAMES?RS整理翻译往期更多精彩内容热点聚焦训练教学点击“在看”,分享给更多朋友!